Lincoln County


Lincoln County offers a nice blend of scenic and historic qualities with small towns scattered throughout its lines. With a population of approximately 3,800, the area is a nice retreat from the large populations of the big cities. Lincoln County also offers quality education with above average ACT scores. Recreational opportunities are expansive in the five state parks within the county.

Located in southeastern Nevada, the quiet town of Caliente is the only incorporated community in Lincoln County. Shaded by beautiful cottonwood trees, the residential area has a friendly hometown feel.

Evidence of the historical roots of this railroad town can be seen in its mission-style Caliente Railroad station. City offices, an art gallery, library and a unique mural in the old Amtrak waiting room now occupy the railroad depot. A picturesque line of "company row" houses are located just northeast of downtown. Town services include restaurants, gas stations, motels, a small casino and a variety of stores. A new office building in town, the U.S. Department of the Interior-Bureau of Land Management offers visitor information for travelers.

Caliente is conveniently located within some of the most beautiful country in the state. To the south is magnificent Rainbow Canyon, with the oasis-like setting of Kershaw-Ryan State Park just 2 miles south of the city center. Within 50 miles of the town are four other state parks: Beaver Dam, Cathedral Gorge, Spring Valley, and Echo Canyon.

The town of Alamo is located in southern Lincoln County, just 90 miles north of Las Vegas. This friendly community includes a cafe, grocery store, church, motels, service stations, emergency services and a landing strip for small private airplanes. It is the social and business center of the rich Pahranagat Valley and home to the Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge.

A quaint Mormon farming community dating back to the 1860's, Panaca is the oldest surviving town in eastern Nevada. Rich in tradition and agricultural beauty, many of today's townspeople are direct descendants of the original settlers. Visitors interested in 19th century architecture can enjoy a variety of beautifully designed buildings.

Much in contrast to its colorful past, Pioche today attracts new residents with its friendly, picturesque hometown appeal. Pioche is the Lincoln County seat, the courthouse a prominent fixture of the town. With full amenities, Pioche offers good food, lodging, shopping, automotive and emergency services. The towns recreation center includes park and picnic facilities, a swimming pool and a baseball diamond. A nine-hole golf course is under construction and will open soon.

Originally called "Sandy" because of its long expanse of sand, Rachel is the youngest town in Nevada and is considered the"UFO Capital of the World." The town was named after Rachel Jones, the first child born in the community founded by D.C. Day in 1978. The community has been featured in magazines, books, television shows and many major newspapers as the center of UFO activity, drawing Sci-Fi fans and visitors from all over the world. The result of this publicity was the renaming of Highway 375 as " The Extraterrestrial Highway" by the Nevada State Legislature. For the inquisitive, part of the Nevada Test Site is situated in southwestern Lincoln County, close to Rachel. However, for obvious reasons, there are no guided tours and warning signs are posted for visitors who get a little too curious.

*Source: Lincoln County Chamber of Commerce


The incentives of doing business in Nevada are expansive. Nevada boasts one of the most liberal tax structures in the nation and from a tax-planning perspective, the return on investment in the form of tax saving dollars can be enormous.



Sales Tax Rate

In Lincoln County, the sales tax rate is 7.100.

Property Tax Rate

In Lincoln County, the 2009-10 average county wide tax rate is 3.1242.

Calculating Real Property Taxes

  • The formula for calculating real property tax is as follows:
  • Taxable Value x .35 = Assessed Value
  • Assessed Value x Tax Rate = Total Real Property Tax

For more information, please see How Property Taxes are Calculated.

Calculating Personal Property Taxes

Using the Cost Conversion Factor tables in the Personal Property Manual, use the following formula to calculate the assessed value. The assessed value is the value on which taxes are calculated.

  • Actual Cost x Cost Index (for appropriate year) = Cost of Replacement
  • Cost of Replacement x Percent Good = Taxable Value
  • Taxable Value x .35 = Assessed Value
  • Assessed Value x Tax Rate = Total Personal Property Tax



Year Population
2008 4,352
2007 4,184
2006 3,987
2005 3,886
2004 3,822

Source: Nevada State Demographer

Population within the Cities of Lincoln County
City Year Population
Caliente 2008 1,077
2007 1,089
2006 1,002
2005 1,015
2004 1,014

Source: State of Nevada Demographer

Population by Household Type
Year Population In
Family Households Non-Family Households Group Quarters
2006 3,434 638 351
2005 3,214 778 351

Source: Applied Geographic Solutions


Year Per Capita Income Median Income Average Income
Household Family Disposable Household Family Disposable
2006 $19,315.75 $36,793.25 $52,577.50 $32,514.75 $45,341.75 $53,647.50 $39,844.25
2005 $18,859.75 $35,825.50 $49,792.00 $31,521.50 $48,805.50 $64,572.75 $40,067.75

Source: Applied Geographic Solutions

Gender Composition

Year Male Female
# % # %
2006 2,296 51.9 2,127 48.1
2005 2,261 52.1 2,082 47.9

Source: Applied Geographic Solutions



Year Labor Force Employment Unemployment Unemployment
Rate (Local)
2009 1,830 1,731 158 8.4
2008 1,779 1,674 105 5.9
2007 1,654 1,576 78 4.7
2006 1,531 1,457 74 4.8
2005 1,498 1,421 77 5.1

Source: Nevada Department of Employment, Training and Rehabilitation (DETR)