With 110,540 square miles of terrain, Nevada is the seventh largest state in land area. Several hundred mountain ranges cross the landscape, many with elevations above 10,000 feet. In contrast, Nevada’s lowest point along the Colorado River is only 470 feet above sea level. This geographic diversity has endowed Nevada with many unique ecosystems.
Northern Sierra Region
Northern Nevada has been largely defined by the miners and ranchers who settled the territory in the 19th century and through Hollywood’s lens with iconic television series Bonanza. Today, the region—bisected by rail and interstate highways and served by one of nation’s most reliable air cargo centers—is home to Amazon, Barnes & Noble, Microsoft and Starbucks Coffee Roasting Company.
Nevada’s capital, Carson City; Carson Valley (Gardnerville, Genoa, and Minden); Gerlach; Lake Tahoe, including North Lake Tahoe (Incline Village) and South Lake Tahoe (Stateline); Reno; Sparks, Verdi; Virginia City; and Wellington comprise the region.
Like Nevada’s Sierra Region, the Northeastern Region is bordered by glacier-carved mountains—the Ruby Mountains. At the higher elevations, abundant water and milder temperatures produce some of the sweetest and most sought after alfalfa on century-old ranches. Interstate 80 and the Elko Railport connect the region’s mining and agricultural outputs with international markets.
The region is comprised of Battle Mountain, Carlin, Denio, Elko, Jackpot, Jarbidge, Lamoille, Lovelock, McDermitt, Wells, West Wendover, and Winnemucca.
Much of the Central looks just as it did when the pioneers traveled west more than a century ago. It is home to the Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge—the largest wildlife range in the U.S.—and, the Extraterrestrial Highway and Area 51. The region supports tourism, renewable energy defense-related industries.
The Central Region consists of Alamo, Amargosa Valley, Beatty, Caliente, Gabbs, Goldfield, Hawthorne, Pahrump, Panaca, Pioche, Rachel, Round Mountain, Tonopah,and Yerington.
Greater Southern Region
Las Vegas is the entertainment capital of the world—drawing billions of vacationers and conventioneers to Southern Nevada each year. The region’s early industries included railroad and agriculture. The railroad, today’s highways and one of the world’s busiest airports provide the infrastructure for manufacturing, financial services, biotechnology and the film industry sectors. Calling Southern Nevada home are CitiBank, Ford Motor Credit and OceanSpray. Las Vegas renowned for its neon lights along The Strip, but its solar fields have put Nevada on the map as a world leader in the renewable energy field.
The Greater Southern Region includes Boulder City, Henderson, Lake Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Laughlin, Mesquite, Moapa Valley, North Las Vegas, Primm, and Searchlight.